Ethics guidelines:

  • Declaration of Helsinki 2008 (DoH)

  • Good participatory practice guidelines for biomedical HIV prevention trials 2011 (GPP)

  • International Conference on Harmonisation Good Clinical Practice Guidelines for Clinical Trials (ICH GCP)

  • International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects (CIOMS)

  • International Ethical Guidelines for Epidemiological Studies (CIOMS for Epidemiological Studies)

  • Standards and Operational Guidance for Ethics Review of Health-Related Research with Human Participants. Geneva, WHO, 2011.

  • Nuffield Council on Bioethics. The ethics of research related to healthcare in developing countries. London, 2002.

  • Department of Human and Health Services (USA). Code of Federal Regulations Title 45: Public Welfare, Part 46: Protection of Human Subjects.

  • Putting women first: Ethical and safety recommendations for research on domestic violence against women. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2001.

  • WHO Ethical and safety recommendations for researching, documenting and monitoring sexual violence in emergencies. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007.

  • WHO. Research Ethics in International Epidemic Response. Geneva, The World Health Organization (WHO), 2011.

  • UNAIDS/WHO. Ethical Considerations in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials. UNAIDS/WHO guidance document. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organization, 2007.

Declarations and Agreements:

  • Oveido Convention. Council of Europe. Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. Strasbourg, Council of Europe, 1997.

  • UNESCO. International Declaration on Human Genetic Data. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2003.

  • UNESCO. Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. Paris, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2005.

  • UNESCO. Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights. Paris, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 1997.

  • World Trade Organization. The Agreement on Trade- Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. Geneva, World Trade Organization, 1994.