What types of cytology?Cytology encompasses various specialized fields and techniques tailored to different areas of study and medical practice. Here are some common types of cytology:
Diagnostic Cytology: This involves examining cells obtained from different body tissues or fluids to diagnose diseases, such as cancer, infections, or inflammatory conditions. It's often used in conjunction with histology (the study of tissues) to provide a comprehensive diagnosis.
Gynecologic Cytology: This branch focuses on examining cells collected from the female reproductive system, primarily the cervix, for the early detection of cervical cancer and other abnormalities. Pap smears are a common example of gynecologic cytology used for cervical cancer screening.
Non-Gynecologic Cytology: This includes the examination of cells obtained from sites other than the female reproductive system. It encompasses various body fluids and organs such as the respiratory tract (sputum cytology), thyroid gland (fine needle aspiration), breast (fine needle aspiration or nipple discharge cytology), and other tissues.
Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) Cytology: FNA cytology involves using a thin needle to extract cells from a suspicious mass or lesion for examination under a microscope. It's commonly used to diagnose tumors and determine if they are benign or malignant.
Fluid Cytology: This involves examining cells present in body fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), pleural fluid, peritoneal fluid, and synovial fluid. Fluid cytology aids in diagnosing conditions such as infections, inflammation, and cancer metastasis.
Urine Cytology: Urinary cytology involves examining cells present in urine samples, primarily for detecting urinary tract cancers such as bladder cancer. It's a non-invasive method used for screening and monitoring cancer progression.
Immunocytochemistry (ICC): ICC is a specialized technique that uses antibodies to detect specific proteins within cells. It's commonly employed in cytology to identify cell types and characterize diseases, particularly in cancer diagnosis and research.
Molecular Cytology: This field focuses on studying the molecular composition and genetic characteristics of cells. Techniques such as fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are used to analyze DNA, RNA, and other molecules within cells.
These are some of the major types of cytology practiced in medical and research settings. Each type plays a vital role in diagnosing diseases, monitoring treatment responses, and advancing our understanding of cellular biology and pathology.
What is exfoliative cytology?Exfoliates cytology is a branch of cytology in which the pathologist analyses cells that have either been naturally “shed” by the patient’s body or that have been actively scraped or brushed (exfoliated) from the tissue’s surface.Examples of manual tissue brushing or scraping used in exfoliative cytology include:Gynecological samples: The most popular form of exfoliative cytology is a Pap smear, which involves removing cells from your cervix with a swab.SUB TRACK:Cytopathology, tissues, disease, Papanicolaou test, cytopathologist, cystoscopy, Medicine, laboratory, body tissue, diagnostic, native tissue, Cytologic Technical advances, abnormal tissue, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, brush cytology, endoscopic ultrasound, cervical cancer, diagnosis of cancer, Cytopathologic, microscope slide, cytocentrifugation. Cancer.
Call for Paper/abstract/case study: https://pathology.universeconferences.com/cancer-cytopathology/Cytopathology is the study of individual cells taken from tissues using specialized diagnostic techniques in order to pinpoint the cause and type of a disease.Cell samples may be collected throughout routine diagnostic procedures including bronchoscopy and cystoscopy. Certain techniques, such as the Papanicolaou test, commonly known as the Pap test or fine-needle aspiration, can be used to harvest cells from specific locations for diagnosis.Even though analyzing a cell sample is typically a short process, doing so correctly requires specialized knowledge in order to identify cells that could jeopardize a patient, such as precancerous, cancerous, or infectious cells. This work is performed by a competent cytopathologist, a physician who has undergone additional training in the accurate analysis and interpretation of data obtained from cytopathology tests.During a typical Pap test, cells are positioned on a glass slide, fixed, and stained using a mixture of dyes. To look for anomalies in the cells, such as morphological or nuclear feature changes, light microscopy is performed.Cell samples are deposited in a vial of preservative for examination in the more current automated liquid Pap test. This screening method has proven to be more accurate at diagnosing the issue when compared to a traditional Pap test.Cytopathology association Cytology Associates of Dayton, Healthgrades Cytopathology, Clinical Pathology Associates Cytology, Associates of Dayton British, Association for Cytopathology Resources, British Association for Cytopathology, Cytopathology Canadian Association of Pathologists,Cytopathology Society European Federation of Cytology Societies, State/Regional Cytology Societies, Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology, American Society of Cytopathology, Malaysian society of cytology, HONG KONG SOCIETY OF CYTOLOGY, Japanese Society of Clinical Cytology, Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology, The Canadian Society of Cytopathology, American Society of Cytopathology, National Societies Of Cytology Worldwide
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