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Research reporting guidelines are standard statements that provide guidance on how to report research methodology and findings. These are in the form of checklists, flow diagrams or texts. Most of the biomedical journals require authors to comply with these guidelines. Guidelines are available for reporting various study designs:
- CONSORT Statement (reporting of randomized controlled trials)
- STARD (reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies)
- STROBE (reporting of observational studies in epidemiology)
- PRISMA (reporting of systematic reviews)
- MOOSE (reporting of meta-analyses of observational studies)
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You can access the AMSTAR development process at this open access article on BMJ Medical Research Methodology: Development of AMSTAR: a measurement tool to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews.
PRISMA is the checklist for assessing the quality of reporting of systematic reviews, that is whether the review report their methods in sufficient detail that others could replicate their work? However, there is another comprehensive (11 point) criteria for scoring the quality of the systematic review (how well it was conducted) called AMSTAR. AMSTAR is the latest and most widely used checklist.